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Kenya Kwanza Urgent Dialogue with Gen Z Amid Protests

by Sema Yote
Gen Z Amid Protests


The recent wave of anti-government protests in Kenya has highlighted the deep-seated frustrations among the nation’s youth, Gen Z Amid Protests, particularly those belonging to Generation Z. These demonstrations, which have tragically claimed over twenty lives, underscore the urgent need for the Kenya Kwanza government to engage in meaningful dialogue with the younger generation. Addressing their concerns is not only vital for peace but also for the nation’s progress.

Background of the Protests

The protests were sparked by the controversial Finance Bill 2024, which proposed several measures perceived as burdensome by many citizens, especially the youth. The bill’s rejection and subsequent withdrawal by President Dr. William Ruto did little to quell the unrest, as the underlying issues remained unresolved. Young people across the country voiced their dissatisfaction with economic hardships, unemployment, and perceived government indifference.

Impact of the Protests

Casualties and Injuries

The protests have resulted in significant casualties, with more than forty people losing their lives. Among the victims was 22-year-old Wilson Sitati, an engineering student whose death has become a poignant symbol of the struggle. The violence has left many families grieving and communities shattered.

Economic Impact

Businesses worth billions of shillings have been destroyed, exacerbating the economic challenges already faced by many Kenyans. The disruption of daily activities has also led to a loss of income for countless individuals, deepening the financial crisis.

Social Consequences

The social fabric of the nation has been strained, with increased polarization between the government and the youth. Trust in law enforcement and public institutions has eroded, further complicating efforts to restore peace and order.

Key Figures and Voices

Statements from Zachariah Baraza

Nairobi businessman and aspiring governor for Bungoma County, Zachariah Baraza, has been a vocal advocate for dialogue. Speaking at the city mortuary during the release of Wilson Sitati’s body, Baraza emphasized the legitimacy of the youth’s grievances and called for immediate action to address their concerns.

Other Prominent Voices Supporting Dialogue

Other leaders and public figures have echoed Baraza’s sentiments, urging the government to engage with the youth constructively. Their calls highlight a growing consensus on the need for dialogue as a means to resolve the conflict.

Government Response

Actions Taken by President Dr. William Ruto

In response to the protests, President Ruto has taken some steps, including the withdrawal of the Finance Bill 2024. However, these measures have been seen as insufficient by many, who demand more comprehensive solutions to their problems.

Police Response and Public Reaction

The police’s use of excessive force has drawn widespread condemnation. Reports of live bullets being used against unarmed protesters have shocked the nation and the international community, raising questions about the appropriateness of the police’s actions.

The Role of Gen Z in Modern Kenya

Characteristics and Values of Gen Z

Generation Z, comprising individuals born between the mid-1990s and early 2010s, is known for its tech-savviness, social awareness, and desire for change. They are vocal about their rights and are not afraid to challenge the status quo.

Their Influence on Politics and Social Change

Gen Z’s influence on politics is growing, as seen in their active participation in protests and social movements. Their engagement is reshaping Kenya’s political landscape, pushing for reforms and greater accountability.

Short-Term Solutions

Immediate Steps to Address Youth Grievances

To address the youth’s immediate concerns, the government can take several steps, such as reducing unemployment through job creation programs, improving access to education and healthcare, and ensuring fair treatment by law enforcement agencies.

Potential Impact of These Measures

Implementing these short-term solutions can help build trust and show the government’s commitment to addressing the youth’s needs. This could lead to a de-escalation of tensions and a more peaceful environment.

Long-Term Solutions

Sustainable Strategies for Youth Engagement

For lasting peace, the government must develop sustainable strategies that include continuous engagement with the youth, investing in their future through education and training, and creating an inclusive political environment.

Policy Changes and Reforms

Long-term solutions also require policy changes that address systemic issues. This includes reforming the education system to better align with job market needs, promoting entrepreneurship, and ensuring equal opportunities for all.

The Importance of Dialogue

Benefits of Engaging with the Youth

Engaging with the youth has numerous benefits, including fostering mutual understanding, reducing the likelihood of future conflicts, and harnessing the potential of young people to contribute positively to society.

How Dialogue Can Prevent Future Conflicts

Dialogue helps in identifying and addressing issues before they escalate into violence. It builds a foundation of trust and cooperation, making it easier to resolve disputes amicably.

Lessons from History

Historical Context of Protests in Kenya

Kenya has a long history of protests, dating back to its struggle for independence. These movements have often been driven by similar issues of injustice and inequality.

What Past Movements Teach Us About the Present

The success and failures of past movements provide valuable lessons. They show the importance of addressing root causes and the potential of dialogue in achieving lasting solutions.

International Perspective

How Other Countries Handle Similar Situations

Other countries have faced similar challenges and have employed various strategies to manage youth unrest. For example, some have implemented national dialogues, while others have focused on economic reforms.

Lessons Kenya Can Learn from Global Examples

Kenya can learn from these examples by adopting best practices that suit its unique context. This includes fostering inclusive governance, prioritizing youth issues, and promoting peaceful conflict resolution.

Building Trust Between Youth and Government

Strategies for Fostering Trust

Building trust requires transparency, accountability, and consistent communication. The government must demonstrate its commitment to addressing youth issues and involve them in decision-making processes.

Importance of Transparency and Accountability

Transparency and accountability are crucial for building trust. The government should be open about its actions and policies, and hold itself accountable to the public.

Role of Media and Communication

Media’s Influence on Public Perception

The media plays a significant role in shaping public perception. Responsible reporting can help de-escalate tensions, while sensationalism can exacerbate conflicts.

Effective Communication Strategies for the Government

The government should use effective communication strategies to convey its commitment to addressing youth issues. This includes regular updates, open forums, and leveraging social media to reach young people.

Community and Grassroots Involvement

Importance of Local Leaders and Communities

Local leaders and communities are vital in facilitating dialogue and implementing solutions. Their involvement ensures that initiatives are grounded in the realities of the people they aim to help.

Grassroots Initiatives That Can Support Dialogue

Grassroots initiatives, such as community forums and youth councils, can support dialogue by providing platforms for young people to express their concerns and collaborate on solutions.

Also Read: Gen-Zs to President Ruto: “Our Demands Don’t Require Time-Wasting and Money-Wasting Committees

The recent protests in Kenya highlight the urgent need for the Kenya Kwanza government to engage with Generation Z. By addressing their concerns through dialogue and sustainable solutions, the government can foster peace, trust, and progress. The youth are not just the future of Kenya; they are the present, and their voices must be heard.


  1. Why are the youth protesting? The youth are protesting due to economic hardships, unemployment, and perceived government indifference, exacerbated by the controversial Finance Bill 2024.
  2. What are the main demands of the protesters? The protesters demand job creation, better access to education and healthcare, and fair treatment by law enforcement, among other issues.
  3. How has the government responded to the protests? The government has withdrawn the Finance Bill 2024 and made some statements, but many feel that these actions are insufficient to address the underlying issues.
  4. What role can dialogue play in resolving the conflict? Dialogue can help identify and address issues before they escalate, build trust, and foster cooperation between the youth and the government.
  5. How can the international community support Kenya? The international community can support Kenya by providing technical assistance, sharing best practices, and promoting peaceful conflict resolution.

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